About Our Agency
History of the Sheriff
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Captain J. Nida
- The patrol concept for law
enforcement began many years ago when untrained merchants and residents
volunteered their time to walk at night in groups to protect their
businesses and their neighbor’s property.
- Organized police patrol can
be traced back to 1829, in England. When guards were employed, by
businesses, for many things, such as shipping and manufacturing security.
- Sir Robert Peele, Home
Secretary in England, at that time, lobbied the Parliament for an organized
police force, under government control. Thus, the Metropolitan Police Act
evolved and is still in effect today. The "Metropolitan London Police" was
formed and "walking beats" were put in place, with “Bobbies” walking those
patrol beats. The English Police, then and now, are called “Bobbies" due
to the efforts of Sir Robert Peele.
- Patrol has evolved, from
this beginning in time of walking beats, to a highly trained and organized
group of individuals taught and trained in tactics and methods of police
patrol, to deter and prevent crime. These officers are devoted to their
jobs on a full time basis and continuously strive for the professionalism,
integrity and effectiveness that patrol work requires. A Sheriff's patrol
deputy is, in essence, the "backbone" of law enforcement, in Orange County.
- Our deputies continue
to surpass prior records and achievements in training, crime prevention,
crime reduction, and community awareness.
- Our Deputies conduct
their patrols both proactively and reactively. Not only do you see a
Deputy Sheriff riding throughout the county being visible (proactive)
and responding to calls for service and fulfilling prescribed objectives
(reactive). You might see Patrol Deputies "stationary" in driveways or
parking lots and going in and out of buildings, homes, and businesses,
throughout the county, creating a rapport with the community and its
members. You may also see Patrol Deputies performing a Home Security
Check, when Citizens are away from their home, on vacation.
- How to call and ask
for a House Check is provided in our
Crime Prevention Section.
- Our Patrol Deputies
conduct follow-up interviews, with victims and witnesses, bringing
investigations to a conclusion, which is a part of reactive patrol, but
still plays a very active part in law enforcement.
- The Sheriff’s Department and
its’ Patrol Division's main purpose is to serve the public while protecting
and defending lives and property. The department is also dedicated to the
prevention and repression of criminal and delinquent behavior,
identification, apprehension of and conviction of offenders, traffic flow
and collision reduction, and the maintenance of order and public peace.
- We endeavor, daily, to
protect life and property against wanton attack. We enforce laws,
ordinances and regulations fairly and impartially, keeping in mind the
rights of every citizen to live in peace.
In essence, the patrol car remains to be a mobile Sheriff’s
Department. All of our cars are outfitted with radio, lights, rescue,
restraining, and clerical equipment.
- Our Patrol Deputies work
twelve (12) hour shifts, covering 409 sq. miles in the county and more than
128,000 residents. We also protect more than 355 Orange County businesses.
- As our patrol vehicles move
back and forth throughout municipalities, in the County, they are
continually on patrol providing additional patrol coverage inside the 3
municipalities, as they do in the county.
- We have divided the county
into 5 major areas for patrol and there is always a patrol car in each of
the 5 areas, 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. Our monthly patrol mileage
varies from 112,000 to 130,000 plus. Yearly, we patrol more than 1,500,000
- We provide additional
coverage during peak call hours by "flexing" deputies to work the hours
needed for immediate response in the south, middle and northern portions of
the county. There is also a Patrol Supervisor available to respond to calls
Sheriff Lindy Pendergrass
Orange County Sheriff's Department
106 E. Margaret Lane
Hillsborough, NC 27278
(919) 644-3050 or (919) 942-6300